The Italian brand Iveco today belongs to the transnational concern CNH Industrial, which is part of the company Fiat Industrial, which produces commercial vehicles. Iveco combines German Magirus (fire trucks), Italian Astra (trucks), French Iribus (buses, trolleybuses), and Italian company Fiat Powertrain Technologies (engines, transmissions, metalworking). In USA, Iveco is known primarily as a manufacturer of reliable light, medium and heavy trucks. In 2002, the production of the Iveco Stralis truck, conceived as a single follower of Iveco EuroStar and IvecoEuroTech, began. The first generation Stralis cars used engines and chassis from their predecessors, while the cab was completely rethought. Automatic transmission in standard equipment, Iveco Stralis singled out from the competition. Just a year later, the car received the title of Truck Of The Year, and made a worthy competition to the trucks of the “big European seven”. True widespread in USA, the car has not received. In the secondary market of trucks in the early 2000s, Mercedes and Volvo dominated, which were purchased mainly in Germany. Iveco were well represented in Italy and Spain, where buyers did not go often. Nevertheless, thanks to the successful operation of the Iveco S.p.A. dealer network and the production of Iveco Trekker dump trucks in USA, the company quickly began to develop USAn regions. Iveco Stralis willingly began to buy not only private individuals, but also large trucking companies.
The first cars Iveco Stralis released in 2002, were represented by long-haul tractors with a double-cabin Active Space. A year later, there were cars for regional and local transport. Chassis for tractors and vehicles for special superstructures were originally offered with 4×2, 6×2, and 6×4 wheel formulas. In the third generation of machines, the release of which was launched in 2012, the proposed mass of chassis configurations, including four-axle versions of 8×2, which most adapt to the production and transport requirements of customers. For transportation of various cargoes on the Iveco Stralis chassis, various types of vans, flatbed and tipper bodies, platforms for the transportation of cars, automobile tanks for technical liquids and food products are installed. The car can be operated as a part of road trains with a total weight of up to 44 tons, or independently. Iveco Stralis is often used in container transportation and relocation of various types of heavy construction equipment. On the chassis of the car are installed all kinds of lifting equipment and special devices used for the production of construction and repair work.
Features and operation
Iveco Stralis has earned popularity among private owners and trucking companies due to its high reliability. Used ZF gearboxes have a resource of more than 800 thousand km and are able to survive the car itself with skillful operation. Cardan shafts are also designed for the entire period of the “life” of the car. In the new cab, the driver is more like an operator of electronic systems, since the multiplex wiring scheme allows using the “ergonomics of the arm” to comfortably control a mass of electrified devices and accessories. Execution of a spacious cabin is at the highest level. Particular attention is paid to the sprung driver’s seat, swivel passenger seat, adjustable vertical and tilt steering column, and a lot of compartments for personal belongings. Plastic interior parts are precisely matched to each other, and “furniture” hinges ensure the reliability of the storage compartment doors. For the convenience of moving around the cab, the floor-mounted gearbox shift lever can be rotated 180 degrees. When the machine is equipped with a EuroTronic robotic gear shift, the gears are shifted by means of a button on the joystick. The number of the gear to be switched is displayed on the LCD display mounted on the instrument panel. In addition to the included gear, a number of parameters are displayed on the display, including a reminder of the maximum driving speed at which the electronic limiter (90 km / h) and the speed set by the tempomat are turned on. The TPMS system parameters allow you to monitor tire pressure on each wheel and reduce tire consumption. The display in the center of the instrument panel has a color screen with large and clear readings that allows you to control the parameters of the car without straining your eyes at any level of illumination. In the cab, everything is thought out not only for driving, but also for rest. By simple manipulations with the lower shelf, the cabin can be turned into a compartment with a comfortable table. For convenience, in the valve of the upper bed there is a mini-ladder made of stainless steel. When servicing the machine while the cab is raised, the engine can be started and stopped using two buttons located under the cab. The Iveco Stralis basic package also includes a set of adjustable spoilers, which not only look stylish but also help save fuel by improving the car’s aerodynamics. The base also comes with air conditioning and power windows, which is installed at an additional cost on many cars of this class.
In the RF specification, Iveco Stralis comes with central locking with immobilizer, centralized lubrication system, electrically controlled and heated mirrors, heated fuel filter / water separator, heated fuel tank, manually controlled air conditioning, 6-speaker audio system and headlight grilles. Most of the components and assemblies installed on various modifications of Iveco Stralis are time tested, and almost devoid of “childhood” diseases. In the last, third generation, presented in 2012, the updated truck tractor was named Iveco Hi-Way. Like its predecessors, the car comes with a line of Cursor motors, which are manufactured at the Bourbon-Lacy plant in France. Overhaul life of power plants is more than a million kilometers, and the construction with “wet sleeves” facilitates repairs. VideoDvigatel All six Iveco Stralis series heavy trucks have six-cylinder, in-line 24-valve diesel engines with rear-mounted camshaft and valve actuator. Three variants of engine capacity of 7.8, 10.3, and 12.9 liters were proposed, which received indices of 8, 11, and 13, respectively. Cursor was the first engine for large trucks, on which a variable geometry compressor was used. The machines of the first generation installed Euro-3 engines. In 2005, engines began to be installed with a urea injection system meeting the requirements of Euro-4, and the production of Euro-5 class engines was almost immediately established. Until 2010, in the USAn Federation, modifications of the Iveco Stralis were officially presented only with Euro-3 engines, which lasted almost until the beginning of the official sales of the new generation Hi-Way. New power units meet the requirements of Euro-5, Euro-6 and more stringent EEV standards. Power Cursor 9 ranges from 310 to 400 hp, Cursor 11 from 420 to 480 hp, and Cursor 13 from 510 to 570 hp.